Ashura - 10th of Muharram Ashura – 10th of Muharram

The 10th of Muharram, known as “Ashura,” holds great significance in Islamic history and tradition. This day, observed by Muslims around the world, carries profound historical and spiritual weight. It marks a series of events that resonate with lessons of sacrifice, faith, and reflection. In this article, we delve into the details of the 10th of Muharram and explore its importance through the lens of key Hadiths.

The 10th of Muharram:

  1. The Virtue of Fasting on Ashura:
    • Hadith: The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Fasting the day of Ashura (the 10th of Muharram) expiates the sins of the past year.” (Sahih Muslim)
    • Significance: Fasting on Ashura is highly recommended for Muslims. It is an opportunity to seek forgiveness for sins and draw closer to Allah. Some choose to fast on both the 9th and 10th of Muharram to distinguish themselves from the Jewish practice of fasting only on the 10th.
  2. The Story of Prophet Musa (Moses) and the Parting of the Red Sea:
    • Hadith: Narrated by Ibn Abbas, “The Prophet (peace be upon him) came to Medina and saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. He asked them about it, and they replied, ‘This is the day when Allah saved Prophet Musa (Moses) and his people and drowned Pharaoh and his army.’ The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, ‘We have more right to celebrate the victory of Musa, so fast on this day.'” (Sahih al-Bukhari)
    • Significance: Ashura is associated with the miraculous deliverance of the Children of Israel from Pharaoh’s tyranny and the parting of the Red Sea. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) encouraged Muslims to observe this day as a way of honoring and connecting with the prophetic heritage.
  3. Observance of Ashura with Acts of Worship and Charity:
    • Hadith: Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “If I live until the next year, I will fast on the 9th day too.” (Sahih Muslim)
    • Significance: Apart from fasting, Muslims are encouraged to engage in extra acts of worship, such as offering voluntary prayers and giving to charity on this day. It is a time for reflection on one’s faith, gratitude for blessings, and empathy for those in need.
  4. A Day of Repentance and Seeking Forgiveness:
    • Hadith: Abu Qatadah reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Fasting on the day of Ashura is an expiation for the preceding year, and fasting on ‘Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah) is an expiation for the year after it.” (Sahih Muslim)
    • Significance: Ashura serves as an opportunity for Muslims to seek Allah’s forgiveness for their sins and purify their hearts. It is a day of repentance and devotion.

Special Connection:

1. Creation of Adam (Peace be upon him):

  • Significance: According to Islamic tradition, it is believed that Allah created the first human, Prophet Adam (peace be upon him), on the 10th of Muharram. This marks the beginning of human existence and serves as a reminder of humanity’s responsibility as caretakers of the earth.

2. The Deluge of Prophet Nuh (Noah) (Peace be upon him):

  • Significance: Some Islamic sources suggest that the Ark of Prophet Nuh (peace be upon him) came to rest on Mount Judi on the 10th of Muharram, signifying the end of the Great Flood. It’s a reminder of divine mercy and the consequences of disobedience.

3. Day of Atonement for Prophet Yunus (Jonah) (Peace be upon him):

  • Significance: According to some Islamic traditions, the 10th of Muharram is also linked to the day when Prophet Yunus (peace be upon him) was freed from the belly of the whale (Quran, Surah As-Saffat, 37:139-148). This event symbolizes the importance of repentance and divine deliverance.

4. Day of Judgment and Accountability:

  • Significance: The 10th of Muharram serves as a reminder of the Day of Judgment when all individuals will be held accountable for their deeds. Muslims reflect on their actions, seek forgiveness, and resolve to improve their lives.

5. The Exodus of Prophet Musa (Moses) (Peace be upon him):

  • Significance: As mentioned previously, the 10th of Muharram is associated with the Exodus of Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) and the miraculous parting of the Red Sea. It is a day of triumph over tyranny and a celebration of divine intervention.

6. The Birthdays of Prophets:

    • Significance: Some Islamic traditions suggest that the 10th of Muharram is the birthday of various prophets, including Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and Prophet Idris (Enoch) (peace be upon them). It is an occasion to reflect on the righteous legacies of these prophets.

In conclusion, the 10th of Muharram, or Ashura, holds profound significance in Islam. It is a day of fasting, reflection, and seeking forgiveness. Through the stories of Prophets Musa and Muhammad (peace be upon them), it embodies lessons of faith, triumph over adversity, and the importance of connecting with one’s spiritual heritage. Muslims observe this day with acts of worship, charity, and a commitment to strengthening their relationship with Allah.