Friday -Jummah Friday -Jummah


Jumma, the Friday prayer, is a cornerstone of Islamic practice and holds profound significance. It is a weekly congregational prayer that Muslims perform every Friday, replacing the regular Dhuhr (midday) prayer. The term “Jumma” originates from the Arabic word “Jumu’ah,” meaning “gathering.” This day is esteemed as the most blessed day of the week, providing an opportunity for Muslims to unite, pray, and deepen their faith. The importance of Jumma is underlined in both the Quran and the Hadith, making it an essential practice in a Muslim’s life.
The Importance of Jumma
Quranic References

The significance of Jumma is explicitly mentioned in the Quran. Allah says in Surah Al-Jumu’ah (62:9):

“O you who have believed, when the call to prayer is made on Friday, then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew.”

This verse clearly highlights the importance of responding to the call to prayer and prioritising worship over worldly affairs.
Prophetic Traditions (Hadith)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ emphasised the importance of Jumma in numerous hadith. He ﷺ said:

“The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday; on it, Adam was created, on it, he was made to enter Paradise, on it, he was expelled from it, and the Hour will take place on no other day than Friday.” (Sahih Muslim)

This hadith illustrates the unique blessings and historical significance of Friday.
Essential Practices Associated with Jumma
Ghusl (Ritual Purification)

Performing Ghusl on Friday is a recommended Sunnah. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“Every Muslim is obliged to perform Ghusl on Fridays, wear his best clothes, and use perfume if he has any.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

Recitation of Surah Al-Kahf

Reciting Surah Al-Kahf on Friday is highly recommended. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“Whoever reads Surah Al-Kahf on the day of Jumma will have a light that will shine from him from one Friday to the next.” (Al-Jaami)

Sending Salutations (Durood) on the Prophet ﷺ

Sending Durood (salutations) upon the Messenger of Allah ﷺ is highly emphasised on Fridays. He ﷺ said:

“Increase your sending of salutations upon me on Friday, for your salutations are presented to me.” (Sunan Abu Dawood)

Moreover, there is a specific reward for reciting Durood 80 times on Friday. It is narrated:

“Whoever sends salutations upon me eighty times on Friday, his sins of eighty years will be forgiven, and he will receive the reward of eighty years of worship.” (Al-Jaami)

Additionally, each Durood brings significant rewards: ten good deeds, forgiveness of ten sins, and elevation by ten degrees in Jannah. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“Whoever sends one blessing upon me, Allah will send ten blessings upon him, erase ten of his sins, and raise him ten degrees.” (Sunan an-Nasa’i)

Wearing Clean Clothes

Muslims are encouraged to wear their best and clean clothes on Friday. This practice signifies presenting oneself in the best manner before Allah.
Arriving Early

Arriving early to the mosque for Jumma prayer is highly recommended. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“Whoever performs Ghusl on Friday, then comes to the mosque in the first hour, it is as if he had sacrificed a camel.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

Listening Attentively to the Khutbah (Sermon)

Listening to the Khutbah with full attention is obligatory. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“When the Imam is delivering the Khutbah, and you ask your companion to be quiet and listen, then no doubt you have done an evil act.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

Rewards for Steps to the Mosque

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“He who purifies (performs Wudu’) himself in his house and then walks to one of the houses of Allah (mosques) for performing an obligatory Salat, one step of his will wipe out his sins and another step will elevate his rank.” (Sahih Muslim)

Recitation of Surah Yaseen

Reciting Surah Yaseen on Fridays is another meritorious act. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning, his needs for the day will be fulfilled.” (Sunan Darimi)

Moreover, it is narrated:

“Whoever recites Surah Yaseen once, Allah will reward him as though he recited the entire Quran ten times.” (Al-Jaami)

Rewards and Benefits of Jumma
Forgiveness of Sins

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“The five daily prayers, and from one Jumma to the next, are an expiation for whatever sins come in between, so long as one does not commit any major sin.” (Sahih Muslim)

Increased Blessings

Friday is a day of increased blessings and opportunities for good deeds. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“On Friday, there is a time when, if a Muslim prays and asks Allah for something good, He will give it to him.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

Protection from Trials

Observing Jumma prayer provides spiritual protection and fortification against trials and tribulations.
Dying on Friday

Dying on Friday is considered a special blessing. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

“There is no Muslim who dies on the day of Friday or the night of Friday, but Allah will protect him from the trial of the grave.” (Sunan al-Tirmidhi)

Consequences of Neglecting Jumma

Neglecting the Jumma prayer without a valid reason is a serious matter in Islam. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ warned:

“Whoever neglects three Jumma prayers, Allah will place a seal on his heart.” (Sahih Muslim)

This hadith underscores the spiritual peril of consistently missing Jumma prayers, leading to a hardening of the heart.
Inspirational Stories and Quotes

Throughout Islamic history, scholars and leaders have emphasised the importance of Jumma. For instance, Umar ibn Al-Khattab, the second caliph, would often remind his community of the significance of gathering for the Friday prayer and would personally lead the congregation.

Imam Al-Ghazali, a renowned Islamic scholar, beautifully stated:

“Friday is the balance of the week, Ramadan is the balance of the year, and Hajj is the balance of life.”

These quotes and stories serve as a testament to the timeless importance of Jumma in the Muslim faith.

Jumma is not merely a weekly ritual but a profound spiritual gathering that enriches the Muslim community and individual faith. By observing the practices associated with Jumma, Muslims can attain immense rewards and blessings. The significance of Jumma, deeply rooted in the Quran and Sunnah, should inspire every Muslim to observe it with dedication and reverence. Let us embrace the spiritual rejuvenation that Jumma offers and strive to make it a cornerstone of our weekly worship.

May Allah grant us the ability to observe Jumma with sincerity and devotion, and may He shower us with the countless blessings associated with this blessed day.